Klouml;ster als Wirtschaftszentren: Mittelalterliche Grundherrschaft am Beispiel des nordwestdeutschen Klosters Bersenbruuml;ck (German Edition)
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Description : Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich AdA EDV / DV / IT / Telekommunikation, Note: 2,3, Johannes Gutenberg-Universitauml;t Mainz (Historisches Seminar), Veranstaltung: Frauenklouml;ster im Mittelalter, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Klouml;ster waren im Mittelalter nicht nur geistliche Zentren, sondern nahmen gleichermaszlig;en auch weltliche Aufgaben wahr. Sie bildeten das Idealbild einer christlichen Gemeinschaft und waren in ihrer Funktion als Verbreiter und Bewahrer des Glaubens elementarer Bestandteil der mittelalterlichen Gesellschaft. Sie erfuuml;llten bdquo;verschiedene Aufgaben im Rahmen der kouml;niglichen Machtkonsolidierung und der adeligen Selbstdarstellungldquo;. Klouml;ster wurden zu Institutionen, die sich zum einen durch ihren Glauben und zum anderen durch ihre Wirtschaftsmacht auszeichneten. Somit waren sie Teil des mittelalterlichen Herrschaftssystems und wuchsen selbst zu Wirtschaftszentren empor. Um die Grundbeduuml;rfnisse eines Klosters sicher zu stellen, war es unabdingbar, dass die Auml;bte bzw. die Auml;btissinnen mouml;glichst erfolgreich wirtschafteten, um die regionale Vormachtstellung ihres Klosters zu sichern. Zum einen mussten die Ernauml;hrung und die Kleidung des Konvents gesichert sein, und zum anderen bedurfte es an Mitteln fuuml;r die Armenfuuml;rsorge und Leistungen fuuml;r den Fuuml;rsten/Kouml;nig. Es oblag also dem Abt eines Klosters, diese lebensnotwendigen Arbeiten mouml;glichst effizient und gewinnbringend zu gestalten. Eine sehr wichtige Rolle bei der wirtschaftlichen Absicherung des Klosters spielte hierbei vor allem die Grundherrschaft, welche uuml;ber die Bauern der Region ausgeuuml;bt wurde. Die Grundherrschaft als Wirtschaftsgrundlage und die damit einhergehenden Rechtsgeschauml;fte sollen anhand einer Uuml;berschreibungsurkunde nauml;her betrachtet werden. Die Urkunde stammt aus dem Jahr 1535 und ist somit der Epoche des Spauml;tmittelalter bzw. der fruuml;hen Neuzeit zu zuordnen. Zunauml;chst soll die niederdeutsche Quelle kritisch erarbeitet werden. Daran anschlieszlig;end soll eine kurze Darstellung uuml;ber die Geschichte und die Grundherrschaft des Klosters Bersenbruuml;ck folgen. Daran anschlieszlig;end soll die klouml;sterliche Wirtschaft im Mittelalter und die Bedeutung des Rechtsgeschauml;fts genauer beleuchtet werden. Lauml;sst sich die Grundherrschaft eines Klosters mit den christlichen Werten vereinen oder war zum Erhalt eines Konvents jedes Mittel recht?
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Public Sector Marketing
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Description : Public Sector Marketingnbsp;nbsp;examines nbsp;the role of marketing in public organizations, from planning through execution and evaluation. It looks at marketing from the perspective of creating value for different organisational stakeholders. The book examines specific applications for public sector organisations such as local government in the context of leisure, culture and the arts, regeneration, education and social services. The main theme of the book is creating value for stakeholders through a philosophy based on setting a vision, creating and communicating the values and establishing a culture.
The new feature delivers surround sound from any audio supply together with surround encoded content material, stereo and mono radio broadcasts, satellite radio, normal CDs and compressed music recordsdata. CS Auto overcomes lots of the challenges inherent in automobiles to present a practical and immersive surround sound surroundings, CNN reported.
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The ABA Consumer Guide to Obtaining a Patent
[Online library] File size: 48.Mb
Description : Before you do invest in a patent, it pays to invest a little time, learn about the process, and how the patent system works. Reading this book will help you understand: 1) how to work the patent system to your advantage, and 2) how to work effectively with the patent attorney who will represent you. This book will not teach you all of the detailed rules about patents. Instead, it will give you a framework and an understanding of the resources you will need, so that you can begin to think like a patent lawyermdash;or better yet, think like an entrepreneur who is “patent savvy.”
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Global Imbalances, Financial Crises, and Central Bank Policies
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Description : Global Imbalances, Financial Crises, and Central Bank Policies assesses the relationships between global imbalances, financial crises, and central bank policies, with a specific focus on their reserves. The book contains a strictly international perspective with an analysis based on empirical research that enables the reader to develop an analytical model that emphasizes interactions among individual central banks. With this innovative approach, the book develops a new method for defining an optimal demand for reserves. In addition, the book describes implications for financial reforms that might ultimately be more important than its empirical findings.Presents a systematic account of the relationship between the build-up of reserves and central bank policiesEmphasizes a global view of currency reserves, which is usually ignored in analyses of their effectIncludes datasets as well as all illustrations and figures in online ancillary materials
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Filter Shift: How Effective People See the World
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Description : Filter Shift describes the notion of unconscious filters: how we create them, how we perceive the world through them, and how they control us. The vast majority of are persistently held back by our unconscious biases and misperceptions, even with the best of intentions. Filter Shift explores the unseen dynamics that get in the way, providing a series of blueprints for success.
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Investment as A Drive of Economic Growth
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Description : The growth of the economy is reflected through the rise in incomes of the people, but development is a wider term, which includes both growth and qualitative improvement in the standard of living of the people and a better distribution of incomes. Development thus involves a rise in the level of income and the level of investments leads to better standard of living in general through growth plus socio-economic changes and development. The inflation is creeping up, to almost 8 percent at times, and this means that the value of money saved goes down instead of going up. In today’s less income growth and highly increasing cost of living economy, one has to know how to use his/her savings or idle funds to generate higher returns. A bewildering range of investment alternatives is available. Savings form an important part of the economy of any nation. With the savings invested in various options available to the people, the money acts as the driver for growth of the country. Indian financial scene too presents a plethora of avenues to the investors. Though certainly not the best or deepest of markets in the world, it has reasonable options for an ordinary man to invest his savings. At present an individual has a variety of investment opportunities. As there are different types of investment channels, public get confused when and where they plan to make investment, by selecting the best sort of investment and rejecting the rest is very difficult to the investors. Hence one must pay much attention as regards to investment decision. An investment decision must be made with definite objectives. Before proceeding, the investor should be very clear as to specific requirements and aspirations. It could be a return or capital appreciation or safety or tax relief or any other peculiar factor that a particular investor desires. Depending upon that and on the basis of the objectives, investors make the investment decision by selection. Such a process offers the silver lining of golden return to investors. People invest to multiply their savings in order to fulfill their aspirations for a bigger house, a higher education for their children or a secured retirement for them. To achieve these objectives, the investor has a wide variety of products and services to choose from. One can deposit savings in a bank account, buy shares or bonds on the stock exchange, or buy a life insurance policy or invest in a retirement plan among other investment alternatives. This book highlights the different investment avenues available to the investors, investigates the reasons behind the investment decisions, and identifies the factors influencing the preference of the investors. It also analyzes the investors attitudes towards a specific investment pattern and puts forth the problems faced by the professionals in the process of building their investment pattern. Saving entails a tradeoff because it requires consuming less now in exchange for later consuming more. While those who sacrifice to save now can themselves enjoy higher consumption in the future, some of the resulting increase in the nation’s stock and the related income will also benefit future generations. Thus current saving and investment decision have profound implication for the level of wellbeing in the future and current generations are in a sense stewards of the economy on behalf of future generations.
three. No time and power to take care of and market his blog articles.
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New Countries: Capitalism, Revolutions, and Nations in the Americas, 1750-1870
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Description : After 1750nbsp;the Americas lived political and popular revolutions, the fall of European empires, and the rise of nations as the world faced a new industrial capitalism. Political revolution made the United States the first new nation; revolutionary slaves made Haiti the second, freeing themselves and destroying the leading Atlantic export economy. A decade later, Bajiacute;o insurgents took down the silver economy that fueled global trade and sustained Spainrsquo;s empire while Britain triumphed at war and pioneered industrial ways that led the U.S. South, still-Spanish Cuba, and a Brazilian empire to expand slavery to supply rising industrial centers. Meanwhile, the fall of silver left people from Mexico through the Andes searching for new states and economies. After 1870 the United States became an agro-industrial hegemon,nbsp;and most American nations turned to commodity exports, while Haitians and diverse indigenous peoples struggled to retain independent ways. nbsp;nbsp;
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Empirische Bilanzanalyse versus Kennzahlenanalyse: Vor- und Nachteile der Verfahren (German Edition)
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Description : Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2013 im Fachbereich BWL – Rechnungswesen, Bilanzierung, Steuern, Note: 1,7, Hochschule fuuml;r Technik und Wirtschaft Berlin, Veranstaltung: Aktuelle Probleme im Rechnungswesen, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Thema dieser Hausarbeit ist es, die empirische Bilanzanalyse im Gegensatz zur Kennzahlenanalyse zu betrachten. Es ist dafuuml;r unerlauml;sslich, sich eine Vorstellung daruuml;ber zu machen, wer die verschiedenen Stakeholder einer Bilanzanalyse (BA) sind und welchen Informationsbedarf sie haben. Daher werden in dieser Hausarbeit auch die Kosten-Nutzen-Relationen im Hinblick auf die unterschiedlichen Interessenten betrachtet. Nach dem allgemeinem Teil uuml;ber die BA und deren Stakeholder, wird thematisch in die Kennzahlenanalyse (KZA) eingestiegen. Beginnend mit der Kennzahlenbildung wird es fachlich komplexer mit der Zusammenfassung der Kennzahlen zu Kennzahlensystemen. Nach dem allgemeinem Teil uuml;ber die Systeme, werden die Wichtigsten kurz vorgestellt, um anschlieszlig;end auch besser auf die Stauml;rken und Schwauml;chen eingehen zu kouml;nnen. Anschlieszlig;end werden die modernen Verfahren der Bilanzanalyse vorgestellt und erlauml;utert. Zunauml;chst wird die univariate Kennzahlenauswahl vorgestellt, um die danach folgend vorgestellte und erlauml;uterte Multivariate Diskriminanzanalyse (MDA) nicht nur besser zu verstehen, sondern auch die Stauml;rken und Schwauml;chen besser erlauml;utern zu kouml;nnen. Zum Ende des deskriptiven Teils wird die Kuuml;nstliche Neuronale Netzanalyse (KNNA) behandelt. Hier werden die Grundlagen und die besondere Bedeutung des Verfahrens herausgearbeitet. Beim Vergleich der Stauml;rken und Schwauml;chen der Verfahren der modernen Bilanzanalyse untereinander wird auch verstauml;rkt auf den speziellen Fall einer Unternehmenskrise eingegangen, da sich die modernen Verfahren besonders hierfuuml;r eignen und auch konzipiert werden. Da nun sowohl die KZA als auch die empirische Bilanzanalyse vorgestellt und erlauml;utert wurden, dabei auch jeweils die Stauml;rken und Schwauml;chen herausgearbeitet wurden, wird eine allgemeine Gegenuuml;berstellung vorgenommen. Unter Punkt 5 meiner Gliederung ,,Empirische Bilanzanalyse versus Kennzahlenanalyse” wird nicht nur auf die Stauml;rken und Schwauml;chen eingegangen, es wird der Fokus auf die Stakeholder und Bilanzanalysten gelegt und die Frage, wie mit den Vor- und Nachteilen der Verfahren umgegangen werden soll. Zum Ende der Hausarbeit folgt eine kritische Wuuml;rdigung, bei der die Aspekte aufgegriffen werden, die vorher noch nicht so deutlich herausgestellt wurden, meiner Meinung nach aber angesprochen werden sollten. Zudem gibt es einen Ausblick auf eine mouml;gliche Entwicklung der Verfahren und deren Bedeutung.
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traditional Texas insurance policy.
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It should be noted that in Russia, advertisers often enhance it, placing on fresh boxes are too technical for the acuteness of the image or randomly located and long slogan. For example, on fresh boxes found on the slogan, caterpillar, vertically, diagonally, etc. Rinta-Valkama, which has twenty-five years of experience in advertising work, I am convinced that the slogan should be easy to read. In addition, studies of marketers spend passersby to door the advertising signs on your own 35 seconds, and drivers – 12 seconds.
RAHASYA – THE SECRET (Hindi)
[Mobile book] File size: 79.Mb
Description : , , , ? ,
or loss of life to at least one individual and 50,000 for bodily
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Sovereign Credit Rating: Questionable Methodologies (Routledge Studies in Corporate Governance)
[Mobile book] File size: 20.Mb
Description : The current degradation of sovereign balance sheets raises very real concerns about how sovereign creditworthiness is measured by credit rating agencies. Given the disastrous economic and social effects of any downgrade, the book offers an alternative and calls for more transparency about the quantitative measures used in calibrating the rating process and how sovereign ratings are validated. It argues that oversight is required and procedures improved, including subjecting methodologies of assessing default to more standardization and monitoring. Sovereign Credit Rating explains the process of sovereign creditworthiness assessment and explores the consequences of possible inaccuracies in the process. Developing an innovative new methodology to assess ratings accuracy, it shows that the announcement of each rating action by the major credit rating agencies show alarming inconsistencies. Written by an internationally recognized author and professor, this unique book will be of interest to researchers and advanced students in corporate governance, accounting, public finance and regulation.
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The Shoppers Alternative Awards use Shoppers opinion to determine the Firms that constantly present a superior degree of service reminiscent of Mighty Auto who present the best auto components in Halifax. Client opinion is determined through using an elite research that questions the general public in multiple surveys that receive mass response with the intention to validate the outcomes. Consumers are first requested to name the Companies that have proven superior conduct similar to one of the best place for auto parts in Halifax. A large quantity of response is obtained and condensed to an inventory of the top 5 Corporations in each category, the record is then distributed for a public vote and majority vote is used to find out the recipients of the award. This prestigious award is hard earned, as Companies must compete to offer the last word in product and repair unmatched by the competitor. Firms competing to provide pleasurable conduct creates a extra affluent business economic system. In their recognition of enterprise excellence and by allowing Shoppers a voice, the Customers Selection Awards performs a helpful service for communities all through North America. So in case you are looking for auto elements belief the Firm thats group favored and go to the home of the most effective auto elements in Halifax and honored with the Consumers Selection Award, Mighty Auto.